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Citations & Plagiarism: APA, MLA, and more

Use this guide to learn how to format your work in APA, MLA, and Chicago style, and to avoid plagiarism.

How to cite APA Style

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) is specifically designed for writing in the behavioral sciences and social sciences—including psychology, linguistics, sociology, economics, and criminology—as well as business and nursing, but can be used by anyone.

In general, APA style uses brief in-text citations that correspond to a reference list of full citations. The library has many style guides to help you with APA formatting.

APA Style resources

APA Style 

Visit the APA Style website for quick answers on references and formatting questions and advice on writing for the sciences. The site is maintained by the American Psychological Association and it is fully searchable. It includes:


Free Citation Tools

There are a lot of tools to help you create citations automatically, whether you have a database citation or the OneSearch citation tool. However, you may want to cite things you find elsewhere. If you need to create an APA citation, try Citation Builder it's an excellent tool to automatically generate citations for print or online sources:

Current APA style guide

Citation tools

Citation Generating Tools

These resources can help you format your bibliographies and references:

  • Citation Builderautomatically generates citations for print or online sources in MLA, APA, and Chicago
  • KnightCiteanother citation generator for MLA, APA, and Chicao
  • ZoteroBib — use a URL, ISBN, DOI, PMID, arXiv ID, or title and get a full citation!

Most of the citations tools are updated regularly, but you can always explore the rest of citations research guide for more information on commonly-used styles.

APA Style Blog

The APA Style blog is the official companion to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition. It’s run by the APA Style team—a group of style experts who work with APA Style every day. They regularly publish posts to talk about writing, publishing, and APA Style.

The sixth edition APA Style blog was active from 2009-2019, which discussed all aspects of APA Style and answered thousands of questions (in nearly 5,000 comments). Those original posts and comment conversations are still available in this archive.

New APA Style blog content is available, and the most recent 5 posts are listed below:
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